Chicken pox

Most infants get antibodies against the infection from their mothers whilst in the womb, it’s strange for an infant to catch chicken pox within the first year. Chicken pox, additionally called varicella, ordinarily causes itching rashes and red blisters all over the body. It is accompanied by fever, loss of appetite, headache and cough.


Baby boys are conceived with a layer of skin, called the prepuce, covering the head of the penis. The prepuce is a twofold layered overlap of skin that protects the head of an infant’s penis. This skin shields the penis from dryness and disturbance brought on by foreign contact with clothes or chemicals. Circumcision is the removal of prepuce through surgical measures. There are conceivable medical advantages to being circumcised, for example, a diminished danger of urinary tract diseases (UTIs).

Cold Sores

It is an acquired condition in babies which results in fluid filled blisters on the mouth or on lips. Cold sores are not due to cold as the name suggests but due to a virus named Herpes Simplex virus. It’s transferred to the baby by someone who has the viral condition. Symptoms disappear within 10-14 days but the virus may stay in the body. Baby usually gets swollen gums, blisters and fever. It is not dangerous as long as it does not spread to other parts of the body.


Infant colic, otherwise called juvenile colic, is characterized by episodes of crying for over three hours a day,  three to seven days a week, lasting about three weeks  a stretch. The crying is more prominent  in the evening. The reason for colic is uncertain and starts when the child is 2 weeks old and lasts till 4 months of age. Colic might be brought on by gas, hormones, stomach related troubles and bloating.


Conjunctivitis is a pretty common condition in neonates. Conjunctiva is a transparent layer which underlies the inner layer of eyelids. Infection of the conjunctiva by virus, bacteria, allergens or neonatal eye drops leads to conjunctivitis. Blood vessels of the eye dilate resulting in reddish/pinkish eyes. While fighting the infection, baby’s eyes may tear or become crusty. It might be contagious too; adopting sanitary measures can prevent transmission of microorganisms


A baby is often likely to get constipated if the diet is composed of solid food or is taking a formula instead of breastfeeding. Constipation is characterised by irregular bowel movements, going up to once in 3 days or more. It is also due to hard stool being passed even if frequent. Children who are breastfed rarely have this issue as the balance of proteins and fats in breast milk leads to formation of smooth and moist stools.


Seizures or convulsions happen when the nerve cells in the brain sends impulses due to some anomaly. Both nerve damage and neurological defects can be brought about by a birth deformity or by a trauma to spine or brain, for example, a blow to the head. If your child is all of a sudden lethargic and gazing blankly or  jerking automatically this can be a mild seizure. If the baby tumbles to the floor, and jerks or beats,  this might be a more severe seizure.

Cradle Cap

Often children up till the age of 3 have white scaly patches on their heads, this might be worrisome to the parents. In reality, it’s completely harmless dandruff which accumulates possibly due to an increase in  skin oil production. A particular type of fungus along with bacteria can also cause cradle cap. Sometimes these are patches over the head and at times cover the entire head even extending to the eyebrows. Environmental factors also influence cradle caps. Cradle caps don not have any significant medical implications.


Croup is a swelling of the voice box and windpipe. Croup can be brought on by  allergies, microorganisms, or breathing difficulties, yet it’s typically the consequence of an infection. Croup is most basic in children between the ages of 3 months and 5 years. Sometimes babies with croup experience difficulty breathing, which can be frightening. Viruses that cause croup are spread through water droplets from the mouth and nose. So, a coughing and wheezing individual most likely transmitted it to the child.